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28 September 2011

Hajj for persons living in Haram or Hill areas like Makkah and Jeddah

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There are three kinds of Hajj:

1- Hajj-e-Tamattu’ (تمتع): To wear Ihram for Umrah from Meeqaat, remove it after Umrah and wear it again for Hajj. It is compulsory for Hajj-e-Tamattu’ that Umrah and Hajj should be done in the same Journey before returning home. (Qurbani is compulsory).

For example, a person who lives in Riyadh comes back to Riyadh after doing Umrah in the months of Hajj (Shawwal, Dhul-Qa’da and Dhul-Hajj) and he wants to perform Hajj in the same year, he is supposed to perform another Umrah, if he wants to do Hajj-e-Tamattu’.

2- Hajj-e-Qiraan (قران): To perform Umrah and Hajj with one Ihram. Ihram will be removed only after performing Umrah and Hajj. (Qurbani is compulsory).

3- Hajj-e-Ifraad (إفراد): To perform only Hajj (Umrah is not done in this kind) (Qurbani is not compulsory).

As there are three kinds of Hajj, there are three kinds of Hajjs also who come to Makkah to perform Hajj.

1- Aafaaqui (آفاقي) means one who lives outside the five Meeqaats fixed by the Prophet Mohammad SA, such as Riyadh or Madinah or any other part of the world. Aafaaqui can perform any of these three kinds.

2- Ahl-e-Haram (أهل حرم) means the persons living inside the Hudood-e-Haram like Makkah. Ahl-e-Haram are supposed to perform only Hajj-e-Ifraad.

3- Ahl-e-Hill (أهل حل) means the persons living between Meeqaat and Hudood-e-Haram such as the people living in Jeddah. Ahl-e-Hill can perform Hajj-e-Ifraad, all Ulamas are agree regarding this. Whereas there is difference between them regarding Hajj-e-Tamattu’ and Hajj-e-Qiraan for Ahl-e-Hill (أهل حل). The main reason of this difference is in the extraction of the meaning of ذلك لمن لم يكن أهله حاضري المسجد الحرام in the Ayah No.196 of Surah Baqra.

فَمَن تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْيِ فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْحَجِّ وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ تِلْكَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ ذَلِكَ لِمَن لَّمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حَاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ )البقرة: 196

(Allah says in this verse that if someone perform Hajj-e-Tamattu’, he should do Qurbani. If he is unable to do Qurbani then he is supposed to keep three fasts in Makkah and seven fasts after returning home. This directive is for the لِمَن لَّمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حَاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ.

There are some opinions in extracting the meanings of لِمَن لَّمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حَاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ, three of them are:

1) The persons living in Makkah.

2) The persons living in Makkah or living within the distance of Shar’ee Safar from Makkah.

3) The persons living inside the five Meeqaats fixed by the Prophet Mohammad SA.

Imam Abu Haneefa RA and some other Fuqahaas have taken the 3rd opinion that the persons who are living inside the five Meeqaats are not supposed to perform Hajj-e-Tamattu’.

Note:

1. All Ulamas agree that the directives of Hajj-e-Tamattu’ mentioned in this verse are same for the Hajj-e-Qiraan also. So the people living in Makkah cannot do Hajj-e-Tamattu’ and Hajj-e-Qiraan.

2. The people living in Jeddah should also avoid Hajj-e-Tamattu’ and Hajj-e-Qiraan in the light of third opinion.

3. The reason for preventing the people living in Makkah and the adjacent areas from doing Hajj-e-Tamattu’ and Hajj-e-Qiraan, is that the people coming from various parts of the world can perform Tawaf and Umrah as much as they want easily.

Summary:

1. Aafaaqui can perform any one from the three kinds of Hajj.

2. Ahl-e-Haram will not perform Hajj-e-Tamattu’ (تمتع ) and Hajj-e-Qiraan ( قران ), rather he will do only Hajj-e-Ifraad. All Ulamas are agree on this.

3. Ahl-e-Hill (أهل حل) should avoid Hajj-e-Tamattu’ or Hajj-e-Qiraan as there is difference between Ulamas and Hajj-e-Ifraad is better for them.

[Sent by: Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi, Riyadh. He can be contacted at mnajeebqasmi@gmail.com]

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